S4: Self-Supervised learning of Spatiotemporal Similarity

The model architecture and the example queries on 2D and 3D data.


We introduce an ML-driven approach that enables interactive example-based queries for similar behavior in ensembles of spatiotemporal scientific data. This addresses an important use case in the visual exploration of simulation and experimental data, where data is often large, unlabeled and has no meaningful similarity measures available. We exploit the fact that nearby locations often exhibit similar behavior and train a Siamese Neural Network in a self-supervised fashion, learning an expressive latent space for spatiotemporal behavior. This space can be used to find similar behavior with just a few user-provided examples. We evaluate this approach on several ensemble datasets and compare with multiple existing methods, showing both qualitative and quantitative results.

IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics